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What is Subversion (SVN) & Tortoise SVN and its use?

What is Subversion?

Subversion is a software versioning and also a revisioning control system distributed as an open-source. Many Developers in the world uses subversion to maintain current and historical versions of files such as source code, web pages, and documentation. The SVN goal is to be the most  competitively successor to the widely used Concurrent Versions System(CVS)

What is Tortoise SVN?

Tortoise SVN is an easy-to-use version/source control client for windows, it is developed under the GPL (General Public License) so it’s completely free to use. It is built on Subversion, a very popular open-source version control system that is known for its reliability, scalability, and flexibility for enterprises of all sizes. You can use Tortoise SVN for accessing your repository via your Windows PC and can also sync a local folder with your repository hosted on the local system.

How to Use the Tortoise SVN?

The first thing you'll want to do is open up File Explorer. Tortoise SVN is integrated with File Explorer. File Explorer is part of the GUI delivered with Windows  This interface comes to life for most users as the folders used to find and access files on your Windows machine.

Tortoise SVN appears in the familiar right-click (context-click) menu. It only takes a few steps to get started:
  • Right-click on a file or folder.
  • Then choose Tortoise SVN among the choices like Open, Cut, Copy, etc.
  • Navigate to the Tortoise SVN choice, you’ll see its main menu. This is a tool where anyone can choose a version control action where he/she want to take against that file or folder.
Once you’ve made that choice, you will interact with menus to perform functions. Checkout is used so many times, it has its own menu item appropriately named SVN Checkout.

Why Tortoise SVN needed?

  • Normal SVN is slow.
  • It's all works only on the CLI (Command Line Interface).
  • It’s difficult to maintain version tracking over time, especially on large projects.
  • Merging is difficult and can be  a time waste due to the lack of tracking of source and destination branches.
  • It has a very complex working directory layout.
  • There is no customer support.
  • It uses a difficult method sparse directories for checking out less than an entire repository.
  • The Tortoise SVN give developers a GUI Interface to remove all these sorts of complexity that occur in the CLI interface.

Tortoise SVN Installation:

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